List of Flowers and Plants Names

Most people use common names for plants. Common names are usually easier to spell, pronounce, and remember than are the more pre­cise and standardized binomial scientific genus and species names. However, there are no rules for the use of common plant names, and that leads to some problems. Many plants have more than one common name in different parts of the country, in different parts of the world, and sometimes be­tween next-door neighbors. Another problem with common plant names is that some are so conve­nient, they are used inaccurately to describe more than one type of plant. The third problem with com­mon plant names is that they are given to plants that people find interesting, useful, or familiar; many unfamiliar plants therefore do not receive common names. Therefore, some plants have too many common names, and some common names are used too often, whereas some plants do not have common names.
The following table lists, in alphabetical order by common name (left-hand column), some of the more common organisms studied by scientists, includ­ing not only plants (kingdom Plantae) but also some of the more important members of the kingdoms Archaea, Bacteria, Fungi, and Protista. Where more than one very common name exists, the organisms below are listed under both or all common names. To learn more about the taxonomy and special char­acteristics of a plant, please look it up under its sci­entific name in the appendix that follows this one, titled "Plant Names: Scientific-to-Common." Those interested in the taxonomic arrangement of organ­isms may also wish to consult the appendix in this volume headed "Plant Classification."

A

  • Acacia
  • Algae
  • Actinomycete
  • ...

I

  • Iris
  • Ironwood
  • Ivy, grape
  • ...

Q

  • Quince
  • Quinine
  • Quaking aspen
  • ...

B

  • Baby's breath
  • Belladonna lily
  • Bells of Ireland
  • ...

J

  • Jacaranda
  • Jelly, apricot
  • Jessamine
  • ...

R

  • Radish
  • Rhododendron
  • Rose
  • ...

C

  • Cashew
  • Camellia
  • Calliopsis
  • ...

K

  • Kelp
  • Kava
  • Kaffir lily
  • ...

S

  • Sweet William
  • Snowdrop
  • Snowberry
  • ...

D

  • Day flower
  • Dandelion
  • Daylily common
  • ...

L

  • Lily
  • Lady fern
  • Lilac
  • ...

T

  • Tiger lily
  • Tulip
  • Timothy
  • ...

E

  • Elodea
  • Ergot
  • Euglenoids
  • ...

M

  • Moonwort
  • Money plant
  • Monkey flowers
  • ...

U

  • Umbrella tree
  • ...

F

  • Fennel
  • Foxglove
  • Flax
  • ...

N

  • Nasturtium
  • Nutmeg
  • Navel orange
  • ...

V

  • Violet
  • Volvox
  • Vibrio
  • ...

G

  • Geranium
  • Ginger
  • Gloriosa lily
  • ...

O

  • Orchid
  • Onion
  • Opium poppy
  • ...

W

  • Wax flower
  • White willow
  • Wheat
  • ...

H

  • Hibiscus
  • Hydrilla
  • Hollyhock
  • ...

P

  • Poppy
  • Pussy willow
  • Petunia
  • ...

X

  • Xanthomonas
  • ...

Y

  • Yucca
  • Yellow poplar
  • Yarrow
  • ...